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13

Vegetarianism has been around for a long time, but veganism not quite as long. The earliest known vegan was Al-Maʿarri, an Arab philosopher from the late 10th century. [His] diet was extremely frugal, consisting chiefly of lentils, with figs for sweet; and, very unusually for a Muslim, he was not only a vegetarian, but a vegan who abstained from meat, ...


11

Okinawa Japanese is one of the populations with the longest life span. Their average life span is 77 for men and 86 for women. They eat to 80% fullness and rely very heavily on whole unrefined plants. 70% of their total calories comes from sweet potatoes. They eat essentially no meat, eggs, dairy, no sugar, no oil, but they do have very small amounts of fish....


7

Ian McDonald, creator of The Vegan Option internet radio show (some might call it a podcast...) and blog, crowdfunded an extensively researched 15-part audio history of vegetarianism in 2017. Vegetarianism: The Story So Far The series aims to cover the entire known history of vegetarian practice and its political, religious, economic and social context. ...


6

Donald Watson invented the word vegan in 1944 by which he initially meant "non-dairy vegetarian". He co-founded the Vegan Society in England. From 1951 the society redefined vegan to mean the doctrine that man should live without exploiting animals.


6

I wouldn't be very surprised if it was. In the history of mankind, the ability to sustain something as big as a culture by purely plant-based means would not be the easiest way of doing things and unless there exist strong outside pressures (such as ethical ones that can be seen nowadays) then plant-based diet would be overshadowed by more diversified ...


5

Some Neanderthals in Spain have been found to have consumed zero animal products. The theory is that since they lived inside forests there was plently of roots, mushrooms, nuts and fruits thus no reason to chase giant animals. "Neanderthals from El Sidrón showed no evidence of meat eating – instead they appear to have survived on a mixture of forest ...


4

Hope this helps: This NYT webpage has a suite of recipes from this period, some of which are vegetarian (pasted below in case link dies). The recipes on this website, however, look even more authentic. The following recipes are pasted from the New York Times reference: Confederate Biscuits 2 cups flour 2 teaspoons baking powder ¼ teaspoon baking ...


3

One of the earliest modern western vegetarians was Thomas Tryon (1634-1703). He wrote many books which were popular at the time. More widespread vegetarianism didn't begin till the 19th century though. The poet Percy Bysshe Shelley (1792–1822) was a well known advocate. Vegetarianism was connected with the Christian temperence movement. It led to the ...


3

Actually I have not heard any vegans use the term "antispeciesism", though I am sure some do. I have heard many talk about the evil of "speciesism", and I assume that "antispeciesism" is derived from that. The Wikipedia article on speciesism has an informative section on the origin of the term: The term speciesism, and the ...


3

As you said, the original society still exists as The Vegan Society, and they were formed by strict vegetarians that went on to exclude all animal products. According to their origin story the group etched out a definition of veganism. Vegan outreach by the society allowed them to absorb vegan movements from other locations. Vegans aren't all bound by the ...


2

It is definitely not true "that a plant-based diet never sustained any traditional culture." St. Jerome gives numerous examples of cultures in antiquity who abstained from eating flesh in Against Jovinianus bk. 2: Dicæarchus in his book of Antiquities, describing Greece, relates that under Saturn, that is in the Golden Age, when the ground brought ...


2

There is also a macaroni and cheese recipe that was used, made with noodles, real cheese, and, eggs. Then baked in the oven at 350.


1

National Animal Rights Day (since 2011) Established by the non-profit Our Planet. Theirs Too. in 2011, The National Animal Rights Day (NARD) is an annual day observed in multiple countries around the world on the first Sunday in June, for the purpose of giving a voice to all animals and raising awareness for their rights, until all animals are free from ...


1

I believe speciesism was first used by Richard Ryder in 1970. Since Ryder's agenda was anti-speciesism, it would follow that 'antispeciesism' followed naturally from that.


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