What can be used as an egg substitute in veggie burgers and other recipes?

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I read the following:

to make one flax egg mix 1 Taablespoon flaxseed meal + 3 Tbsp water.

What else works?

  • Have you tried wheat gluten? We used to use pure gluten for veggie burgers but now use ground TVP and add gluten as a binder. Jun 27 at 10:40

2 Answers 2


I find that aquafaba works great as a binder for patties.

I cook a lot of garbanzo beans, so I'm always filling jars of aquafaba and storing them in the fridge. It's an ingredient that most would just throw away, but it works great as an egg replacer to hold patties together.


In reality, egg can be used for many different recipes and uses. We probably find eggs in many recipes because they were developed around the common things - things we have at disposal easily.

However, to replace egg with a vegan substitute, we use different ingredients depending on the use, meal/recipe we are making.

The table below is an example of the possible replacements:

Category Substitute Amount replacing 1 egg Common uses
Baking (binding) Applesauce 1/4 cup Muffins, cakes, brownies
Mashed banana 1/4 cup Pancakes, muffins, cookies
Pumpkin puree 1/4 cup Breads, muffins, cakes
Silken tofu 1/4 cup Brownies, custards, quiches
Yogurt (non-dairy) 1/4 cup Cakes, muffins, quick breads
Baking (leavening) Baking powder + vinegar 1 tsp baking powder + 1 tbsp vinegar Cakes, quick breads, pancakes
Baking soda + vinegar 1 tsp baking soda + 1 tbsp vinegar Cakes, muffins, cookies
Baking (moisture) Vegan buttermilk 1 cup non-dairy milk + 1 tbsp vinegar/lemon juice Pancakes, waffles, muffins
Cooking (binding) Flaxseed or chia Seed 1 tbsp ground + 3 tbsp water Veggie burgers, meatloaf
Commercial egg replacer See package instructions Baking, pancakes, waffles
Cooking (texture) Silken tofu (blended) 1/4 cup Scrambles, quiches, omelets
Chickpea flour 3 tbsp Frittatas, omelets, savoury dishes
Arrowroot powder 2 tbsp Thickening sauces, gravies
Potato starch 2 tbsp Thickening sauces, soups
Cornstarch 2 tbsp Thickening sauces, custards
Agar-agar 1 tbsp Puddings, custards, jellies
Binding & leavening Chickpea flour + water 2 tbsp chickpea flour + 2 tbsp water Pancakes, waffles, baked goods
Binding & moisture Mashed avocado 1/4 cup Baking, desserts, chocolate mousse
Nut butters 1/4 cup Baking, cookies, energy bars
Unflavored vegan yogurt 1/4 cup Baking, pancakes, waffles
Aquafaba (chickpea brine) 3 tbsp Meringues, mousses, marshmallow fluff

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